In spring the iridescent hummingbirds
appear. Their loud humming announces their arrival at the syrup feeders we have hung.
Experienced eaters soon realize that the sweet nectar needed to sustain them is often
found in the nectar of red tubular flowers. Other flowers, trees, shrubs, and vines will
also lure hummingbirds to your garden.
The hummingbird garden can be simple or elaborate. Window boxes,
flower-filled pots, or perennial beds are suitable hummingbird habitats. The following
flowers are some hummingbird favorites.
BEE BALMMonarda spp.
BLEEDING HEARTDicentra spp.
CARDINAL FLOWERLobelia cardinalis
CARPET BUGLEAjuga reptans
FLOWERING TOBACCONicotiana alata
SCARLET SAGESalvia splendens
SWEET WILLIAMDianthus barbatus
Shrubs, trees, and vines also are enticements to hummingbirds.
Trees and shrubs can be grouped together to form a garden framework; then add flower beds
or potted flowers in front of or around trees or shrubs.
BUTTERFLY BUSHBuddleia davidii
CAPE HONEYSUCKLETecomaria capensis
FLOWERING QUINCEChaenomeles japonica
FLOWERING CRABMalus spp.
ORANGE TREECitrus spp.
PALO VERDECercidium microphyllum
RED BUCKEYEAesculus carnea
SILK OAKGrevillea robusta
TULIP POPLARLiriodendron tulipifera
MORNING GLORYIpomea ssp.
SCARLET RUNNER-BEANPhaseolus coccineus
TRUMPET CREEPERCampsis radicans
Your local Growise Center staff can give you excellent advice on
flowering plants, trees, shrubs, and vines to attract hummers. Plan a hummingbird garden
with the following in mind.
Are the flowers annual, biennial, or perennial? Annuals are great
container plants; perennials return every year; biennials bloom in their second year.
Plant varying heights: short in front, then medium height, and
the tallest placed at the back. The entire garden can be seen. All the flowers can be
reached by the birds.
Plant in different areas where you will watch hummingbirds. They
are territorial about favorite flowers. Plant several in each different area of your
garden and in containers around your gardens.
A commercial feeder filled with a syrup solution and placed in
your garden near hummingbird flowers should welcome hummers. Red flower patterns or red
parts decorate most feeders to attract hummingbirds.
First choose a small feeder; once the birds are regulars, set out
larger feeders. Feeders are plastic or glass or a combination of the two. Glass, unlike
plastic, will break, though is easier to clean.
Three feeders are stationed around our property in addition to
perennial flowers, window boxes, and potted flowers. More birds can feed when feeders are
in different locations.
At your Growise Center you will discover unique, attractive
feeders and commercial mixtures to feed hummingbirds.
Feeders can be filled with a homemade syrup solution *or with a
commercial mixture. Clean feeders every 2 or 3 days with hot water; scrub hard-to-reach
spots with bottle brushes. If bleach is used, rinse the feeder well before adding syrup.
When to hang feeders is determined by when the birds visit your
area. Fall is migration time. Keeping feeders up will not prevent birds from migrating
south, but gives them nourishment for traveling.
HOMEMADE SYRUP SOLUTION*
1 PART SUGAR
4 PARTS WATER
BOIL 1-2 MINUTES. COOL. REFRIGERATE EXTRA.
Since these tiniest of birds arrive in the spring and depart in
the fall, you can enjoy them for quite some time. Your Growise Center will help you create
a habitat for hummingbirds from their first visit until they travel south.